Fruits, Nuts, Vegetables in Korean

Ready to learn the names of fruits in Korean? We will cover those, as well as the names for vegetables and nuts in the Korean language.

If you plan to go grocery shopping in Korea or visit a Korean restaurant, learning these terms is for you! We’re going to cover the most important words you should learn first, as well as give you some example sentences so you can put them to use.

Assorted fruits, nuts and vegetables

These Korean nouns are going to be a key part of your plan if you’re learning Korean or have an interest in Korean culture. The good news is that you already know a lot of these Korean words (we’ll explain how).

Below is a free PDF guide that you can download and take with you:

How to say “fruits,” “vegetables,” and “nuts” in Korean

Here’s a video that will teach you how to say “fruits,” “vegetables,” and “nuts” before we head on to learning the different Korean terms under these categories.

Fruits, Nuts, and Vegetables in Korean | Grocery Shopping Made Fun

As we cover the terms for fruits, vegetables, and nut vocabulary words in the Korean language, you’ll notice that they’re written in both Hangeul (Korean Alphabet) and in romanized Korean. The English spelling is just an approximation of the sounds. Your pronunciation will improve significantly if you learn Hangeul.

Grab your free guide here and learn Korean in about 1 hour.

List of Fruit Names in Korean

Here is a list of different fruits in Korean, and most of these can be found within Korea. Keep in mind that some of the fruit names will sound very similar to the English word. For example, ๋ ˆ๋ชฌ (remon | lemon) sounds just like “lemon.” That’s the beauty of Konglish and Korean loan words: You already know them!

We’ve also added sample sentences in some vocabulary below.ย Use them to practice speaking and reading. They’re useful for understanding Korean grammar better. You might also try combining sentences with Korean conjunctions or Korean particles.

If you’re craving freshly squeezed fruit ades while in South Korea, knowing these terms will help. Let’s start off with the word for fruit.

“Fruit” in Korean

The word for “fruit” in Korean is ๊ณผ์ผ (gwail).

์ €๋Š” ๊ณผ์ผ์„ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์„ž์–ด๋†“์€ ์ƒ๋Ÿฌ๋“œ๋ฅผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”. (jeoneun gwaireul dayanghage seokkeonoeun saelleodeureul joahaeyo.)

I like fruit salads with a variety of fruits mixed together.

Korean fruits are categorized into different kinds below.

List of fruits in Korean (Berries)

Next, we’ll cover some of the berry fruits. Most of these fruits sound like their English counterparts, except for Korean strawberries and raspberries. Both of those words have Korean double consonants, so make sure you pronounce them correctly.

Fruit in KoreanEnglish
๋ธ”๋ž™๋ฒ ๋ฆฌ (beullaekberi)blackberry
๋ธ”๋ฃจ๋ฒ ๋ฆฌ (beulluberi)blueberry
์‚ฐ๋”ธ๊ธฐ (santtalgi)raspberry
ํฌ๋žœ๋ฒ ๋ฆฌ (keuraenberi)cranberry
๋”ธ๊ธฐ (ttalgi)strawberry

“Strawberry” in Korean

The “strawberry” in Korean is ๋”ธ๊ธฐ (ttalgi). If you like fresh whole strawberries, there are plenty of areas in South Korea where you can go strawberry picking.

๋”ธ๊ธฐ ์žผ์„ ๋นต ์œ„์— ๋ฐ”๋ฅด๋ฉด ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด์š”. (ttalgi jaemeul ppang wie bareumyeon masisseoyo.)

It tastes delicious when you spread strawberry jam on bread.

Fruits in Korean (Infographic)

List of fruits in Korean (Citrus)

Here are some of the citrus fruit names in Korean. They are known to have plenty of health benefits.

Fruit in KoreanEnglish
๋ ˆ๋ชฌ (remon)lemon
๋ผ์ž„ (raim)lime
์˜ค๋ Œ์ง€ (orenji)orange
๊ทค (gyul)tangerine
์ž๋ชฝ (jamong)grapefruit

“Orange” in Korean

์˜ค๋ Œ์ง€ (orenji) is the Korean word for “orange” that refers to the fruit. However, a different term is used for the color orange, which is ์ฃผํ™ฉ์ƒ‰ (juhwangsaek).

Sample Sentence:

๋งค์ผ ์•„์นจ์— ์˜ค๋ Œ์ง€์ฃผ์Šค๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์…”์š”. (maeil achime orenjijuseureul masyeoyo.)

I drink orange juice every morning.

“Lemon” in Korean

The Korean word for “lemon” is ๋ ˆ๋ชฌ (remon).

์ €๋Š” ๋ ˆ๋ชฌ ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”. (jeoneun remon chareul joahaeyo.)

ย I like lemon tea.

Now that you know the fruit names in Korean, let’s cover the Korean vegetables.

Other fruits in Korean

And now for the remainder of the fruits. If you want an easy way to remember the Korean word for “apple,” there’s a Korean joke about it that makes it hard to forget.

Fruit in KoreanEnglish
๋ง๊ณ  (manggo)mango
pear, also called Korean pears
ํฌ๋„ (podo)grapes
ํŒŒ์ธ์• ํ”Œ (painaepeul)pineapple
๋ณต์ˆญ์•„ (boksunga)peach
์ˆ˜๋ฐ• (subak)watermelon
์ฒด๋ฆฌ (cheri)cherry
์ž๋‘ (jadu)plum
์‚ด๊ตฌ (salgu)apricot
๊ฐ (gam)persimmon
์„๋ฅ˜ (seongnyu)pomegranate
๋ฉœ๋ก  (mellon)melon
์˜ฌ๋ฆฌ๋ธŒ (ollibeu)olive
ํŒŒํŒŒ์•ผ (papaya)papaya
์ฝ”์ฝ”๋„› (kokoneot)coconut
์šฉ๊ณผ (yonggwa)dragonfruit
๋Œ€์ถ” (daechu)jujube
์Šน๋„๋ณต์ˆญ์•„ (seungdoboksunga)nectarine

various illustrations of fruit

“Apple” in Korean

The Korean word for “apple” is ์‚ฌ๊ณผ (sagwa). However, some also use its Konglish term, ์• ํ”Œ (aepheul).

Fun fact: ์‚ฌ๊ณผ (sagwa) also means “apology” in Korean. ย So in Korea, when people want to apologize to someone, they sometimes give an apple to express how sorry they are.

์‚ฌ๊ณผ๋Š” ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์— ์ข‹์€ ๊ณผ์ผ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (sagwaneun geongange joeun gwairimnida.)

Apples are healthy fruits.

“Banana” in Korean

In the Korean language, this fruit is still called ๋ฐ”๋‚˜๋‚˜ (banana). Remembering it is easy as it is pronounced the same way as its English word. There’s also a famous banana-flavored drink called Banana Milk (๋ฐ”๋‚˜๋‚˜๋ง› ์šฐ์œ  | bananamat uyu). A sweet flavor that is an ultimate must-try!

๋ฐ”๋‚˜๋‚˜๋Š” ์—๋„ˆ์ง€๋ฅผ ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•ด์ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (banananeun eneojireul gonggeupaejumnida.)

Bananas provide energy.

“Mango” in Korean

The word for “mango” in Korean is ๋ง๊ณ  (manggo). Just like banana, it’s very easy to remember.

๋ง๊ณ ๋Š” ๋‹ฌ์ฝคํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ณผ์ฆ™์ด ํ’๋ถ€ํ•ด์š”. (manggoneun dalkomhago gwajeubi pungbuhaeyo.)

Mangoes are sweet and juicy.

“Peach” in Korean

The word for “peach” in Korean is ๋ณต์ˆญ์•„ (boksunga). If you’re familiar with Kakaotalk, one character named Apeach (์–ดํ”ผ์น˜) was created based on the peach fruit. Peaches are seasonal fruits that are popular during summer.

๋ณต์ˆญ์•„๋Š” ์—ฌ๋ฆ„์ฒ ์— ์ž˜ ์ต๊ณ  ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด์š”. (boksunganeun yeoreumcheore jal ikgo masisseoyo.)

Peaches ripen well during the summer season and taste delicious.

“Persimmon” in Korean

The word for “persimmon” in Korean is ๊ฐ (gam). This fruit is used for the Korean drink ์ˆ˜์ •๊ณผ (sujeonggwa) mixed with ginger, cinnamon, and brown sugar.

๊ฐ์€ ๊ฐ€์„์˜ ๋Œ€ํ‘œ์ ์ธ ๊ณผ์ผ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (gameun gaeurui daepyojeogin gwairimnida.)

Persimmons are representative fruits of autumn.

“Pear” in Korean

The Korean word for “pear” is ๋ฐฐ (bae). The same term is also used for Korean pears, Korean snow pears, or Korean apples.

๋ฐฐ๋Š” ์ƒ๊ณผ์ผ๋กœ ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๊ณ , ์š”๋ฆฌ์— ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (baeneun saenggwaillo meogeul sudo itgo, yorie sayonghal sudo isseoyo.)

Pears can be eaten as fresh fruit or used in cooking.

“Pineapple” in Korean

“Pineapple” in Korean, which sounds very similar to its English counterpart, is called ํŒŒ์ธ์• ํ”Œ (painaepeul). This tropical fruit is known to be a great source of Vitamin C!

Sample Sentence:

์ œ๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ผ์€ ํŒŒ์ธ์• ํ”Œ์ด์—์š” (Jega gajang joahaneun gwaireun painaepeurieyo)

My favorite fruit is pineapple.

“Watermelon” in Korean

The Korean word for “watermelon” is ์ˆ˜๋ฐ• (subak). This huge fruit is typically sliced and shared by many, especially during summer in South Korea. This is different from Korean yellow musk melons or ์ฐธ์™ธ (chamoe), or the Korean melon ๋ฉœ๋ก  (mellon).

Sample Sentence:

์ˆ˜๋ฐ•์„ ๋ช‡ ์กฐ๊ฐ ๋จน์„๋ž˜์š”? (subageul myeot jogak meogeullaeyo?)

How many slices of watermelon do you want to eat?

Vegetable Names in Korean

Food plays an important role in Korean culture. This cuisine includes vegetables in most recipes too, so if you’re interested in anything about Korean food, learning this vocabulary along with other food-related words is essential. After all, this makes Korean dishes very healthy! Here are some vegetable names in Korean.

various illustrations of vegetables

“Vegetable” in Korean

Before we learn the terms for different vegetables in Korean, let’s start with “vegetable” first. The word for vegetable in Korean is ์•ผ์ฑ„ (yachae).

์•ผ์ฑ„๋ฅผ ๋งŽ์ด ์„ญ์ทจํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์— ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (yachaereul mani seopchwihaneun geoseun geongange joseumnida.)

Consuming a lot of vegetables is good for your health.

ย List of different vegetables in Korean

Below is the list of the different vegetables and how they’re called in Korean.

Vegetables in KoreanEnglish
์•ผ์ฑ„ (yachae)vegetables
์ƒ๋Ÿฌ๋“œ (saelleodeu)salad
์–‘๋ฐฐ์ถ” (yangbaechu)cabbage
๋ฐฐ์ถ” (baechu)Chinese cabbage
์‹œ๊ธˆ์น˜ (sigeumchi)spinach
๋‹น๊ทผ (danggeun)
์•„๋ณด์นด๋„ (abokado)avocado
์˜ฅ์ˆ˜์ˆ˜ (oksusu)corn
์…€๋Ÿฌ๋ฆฌ (selleori)celery
์• ํ˜ธ๋ฐ• (aehobak)zucchini
๋ฌด (mu)radish
๊ป์งˆ์ฝฉ (kkeobjilkong)
green beans
bell pepper, paprika
๋ฒ„์„ฏ (beoseot)mushrooms
ํŒŒ (pa)
๋Œ€ํŒŒ (daepa)
spring onion, leek
๋ถ€์ถ” (buchu)chives, leek
์—ฌ์ฃผ (yeoju)balsam pear
์—ฐ๊ทผ (yeongeun)lotus root
๊ณ ๊ตฌ๋งˆ (goguma)sweet potato
๊ณ ์ถ” (gochu)red pepper
์ƒ๊ฐ• (saenggang)ginger
์–‘ํŒŒ (yangpa)onion
์ธ์‚ผ (insam)ginseng
ํ›„์ถ” (huchu)pepper
๋ธŒ๋กœ์ฝœ๋ฆฌ (beurokolli)broccoli
ํ˜ธ๋ฐ• (hobak)pumpkin
์ˆœ๋ฌด (sunmu)turnip
๊ฐ€์ง€ (gaji)eggplant

“Pumpkin” in Korean

The word “pumpkin” in Korean is ํ˜ธ๋ฐ• (hobak). This vegetable is often used to make porridge or soup by Koreans. ํ˜ธ๋ฐ•์ฃฝ (hobakjuk) is used to call “pumpkin porridge” while ๋‹จํ˜ธ๋ฐ•์ฃฝ (danhobakjuk) is used to call “sweet pumpkin porridge.” This vegetable is also often seen during Halloween.

ํ˜ธ๋ฐ•์€ ํ•œ๊ตญ ์š”๋ฆฌ์—์„œ ์ž์ฃผ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜๋Š” ์žฌ๋ฃŒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (hobageun hanguk yorieseo jaju sayongdoeneun jaeryoimnida.)

Pumpkins are commonly used ingredients in Korean cuisine.

“Carrot” in Korean

“Carrot” in Korean is called ๋‹น๊ทผ (danggeun). The same term is used as a Korean slang to say “of course,” which is ๋‹น์—ฐํ•˜์ง€ (dangyeonhaji), since they sound very similar.

๋‹น๊ทผ์€ ๋น„ํƒ€๋ฏผ A๊ฐ€ ํ’๋ถ€ํ•œ ์ฑ„์†Œ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (danggeuneun bitamin eiga pungbuhan chaesoimnida.)

Carrots are vegetables rich in vitamin A.

An image with 9 different kinds of vegetables.

“Onion” in Korean

The Korean word for “onion” is ์–‘ํŒŒ (yangpa). If you mean to say “spring onion” in Korean, the term you can use is ํŒŒ (pa).

์–‘ํŒŒ๋Š” ์š”๋ฆฌ์— ํŠน๋ณ„ํ•œ ๋ง›์„ ๋”ํ•ด์ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (yangpaneun yorie teukbyeolhan maseul deohaejumnida.)

Onions add a special flavor to dishes.

“Bell Pepper” in Korean

The term for “bell pepper” in Korean is ํŒŒํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด (papurika) or ํ”ผ๋ง (pimang).

ํŒŒํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด๋Š” ์ƒ‰๊น”๋„ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ์š”๋ฆฌ์— ํ™œ์šฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ์ข‹์€ ์•ผ์ฑ„์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (papeurikaneun saekkkaldo dayanghago yorie hwaryonghagi joeun yachaeimnida.)

Bell peppers come in various colors and are versatile vegetables for cooking.

“Cucumber” in Korean

The word for “cucumber” in Korean is ์˜ค์ด (oi). This is the key ingredient in the Korean side dish, ์˜ค์ด๋ฌด์นจ (oimuchim).

Sample Sentence:

์Šˆํผ์— ๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ ์˜ค์ด 3๊ฐœ ์‚ฌ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. (syupeoe gal ttae oi segae sa juseyo.)

Please buy three cucumbers when you go to the grocery store.

“Lettuce” in Korean

The Korean word for “lettuce” is ์ƒ์ถ” (sangchu).

์ƒ์ถ”๋Š” ์ƒ๋Ÿฌ๋“œ์— ์‹ ์„ ํ•œ ์‹๊ฐ์„ ๋”ํ•ด์ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (sangchuneun saelleodeue sinseonhan sikgameul deohaejumnida.)

Lettuce adds a fresh texture to salads.

“Potato” in Korean

You can say “potato” in Korean as ๊ฐ์ž (gamja).

๊ฐ์žํŠ€๊น€์€ ์ €๋… ์•ผ์‹์œผ๋กœ ์ธ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์•„์š”. (gamjatwigimeun jeonyeok yasigeuro ingiga manayo.)

Potato fries are popular as an evening snack.

Names of Nuts in Korean

Lastly, below are the different names of nuts in Korean, along with the Korean term for “nuts.”

“Nuts” in Korean

The word for “nuts” in Korean is ๊ฒฌ๊ณผ๋ฅ˜ (gyeongwaryu).

๊ฒฌ๊ณผ๋ฅ˜๋Š” ๊ฐ„์‹์œผ๋กœ ์ข‹๊ณ  ์˜์–‘๊ฐ€๋„ ๋†’์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (gyeongwaryuneun gansigeuro joko yeongyanggado nopseumnida.)

Nuts are good snacks and are also highly nutritious.


An image with 8 different kinds of nuts.

Nuts in KoreanEnglish
๊ฒฌ๊ณผ (gyeongwa)nut
์•„๋ชฌ๋“œ (amondeu)almond
๋•…์ฝฉ (ttangkong)peanut
ํ˜ธ๋‘ (hodu)walnut
์žฃ (jat)pine nuts
์บ์Šˆ๋„› (kaesyuneot)cashew
ํ•ด๋ฐ”๋ผ๊ธฐ์”จ (haebaragissi)sunflower seed

Wrap Up

Now that you’ve learned all about what completes a Korean meal, a.k.a. Korean fruits, nuts, and vegetables, it’s time to start making sentences like the examples above! They’ll definitely come in handy if you’re living in Korea or plan on shopping at a Korean supermarket abroad. Perhaps you also plan to visit Korea or specific areas like Jeju Island for a taste of these Korean fruits and Korean vegetables and a taste of Korean culture too!

What’s your favorite fruit? Is it a banana, orange, pineapple, or peach? Or maybe it’s a lemon or plum? Do you prefer citrus or tropical fruit? Show us your Korean fruit, vegetable, and nut skills in the comments below!

Picture Credit: Bigstock

Was this post helpful?

73 thoughts on “Fruits, Nuts, Vegetables in Korean”

  1. Deborah Shaozii

    Very satisfying and helpful with much details I love the site.. Thanks for the efforts ๐Ÿ‘

  2. This site is literally the best Korean learning site I’ve come across. You guys should keep up with the good work

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *